What is Peptide?

in Science

Peptides are generally chemical compounds, these are formed by relating one or two amino acids. These types of compounds are considered as polymers, for the reason that they typically link with each other to form long chains. All animals have peptides on their own body, in a way, peptides are one of the building blocks of life. Each time peptides form a long chain, it turns into a protein. Peptides and proteins stand for wide significant possibilities; many molecular biologists spend years searching for the capabilities of sole peptides and proteins for more information about the way our body works.

Whenever discussing peptides, there are lots of scientific terminology that we encounter, and it would somehow help us to know what these words mean. A covalent bond is known as a type of chemical bond, which takes place when atoms share electrons. The distinct type of covalent bond formed in peptides is known as a peptide bond or amide bond. It is form as soon as the carboxyl group of one amino acid attaches to another. Carboxyl groups are sets of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen molecules.

A peptide is capable of doing an extensive range of functions in the body, depending on which amino acids are involved. Some can regulate hormones for instance as its antibiotic functionality. The human body is also equipped to break down and reuse peptides; if you ever eat meat, as an example, the enzymes in your own intestines break down the protein at its amide bonds to generate an assortment of peptides that may perhaps be digested depending on the conditions with your body.

Proteins and peptides are different from each other, because proteins are much longer, and most proteins are folded into complex structures to accommodate all of their amino acids. Therefore, if it is more than 50 amino acids, the compound is actually a protein, while shorter chains can be considered as peptides.

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Fiona Wellington has 1 articles online

Fiona Wellington is an internet marketer an writer who loves discover lots of things especially when it comes to cyber world.

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This article was published on 2011/01/24